If you are a fan of ancient times, begin your voyage through Croatia with the monument of the Roman Pula, move on to the greatest forum on the East side of the Adriatic in Zadar and end your journey with the magnificent Diocletian’s Palace in Split. When you walk through the Croatian towns you walk through time, you’ll go from the preromantic period with the St. Donat church in Zadar from the 9th century and the romantic period of the amazing town-monument such as Trogir or the islands Rab and Krk. Gothic period will embrace you in Zagreb, Pazin, Ston and Peljesac and you will discover renaissance on Cres, in the Sibenik Cathedral of St. Jacob, on the islands Hvar and Korcula and finally, in the memorable and unique Dubrovnik. Towns Varazdin, Bjelovar and Vukovar will give you an inimitable experience of the Baroque.
If you prefer the charms of smaller places, enjoy discovering the beauties of unfamiliar and covert destinations which retell its own thousand-year-old history, Croatia is the location for your destination. Enter the world of hundreds of middle-aged churches. Croatia is a country which not only takes pride in being a land of remarkable history, but people as well; Such as the famous medieval philosopher from Istria, Herman Dalmatin, world traveler and explorer born in Korcula, Marko Polo, miniaturist and the Croatian Michelangelo, Julije Klovic, mathematician, astronomy researcher and the greatest physician in his time, Ruder Boskovic from Dubrovnik and, finally, one of the most brilliant inventor’s mind in the world from Lika, Nikola Tesla.
Croatia stretches in the form of an arch from the Dunav on the North-East to Boka Kotorska on the far South. It is divided into three large geographical regions:
1. Mediterranean coastal region comprises the islands, coast and the low inland popularly called Zagora. It is encircled with limestone mountains : Ucka, Big and Small Kapela, Velebit, Dinara (1831m) and Biokovo. Croatian coast is the best-indented coast in Europe with more than 1000 islands, islets and cliffs. The climate in this region is Mediterranean with warm and dry summers, but mild and cold winters. Mirna and Rasa in Istria, Zrmanja, Krka and Cetina in Dalmatia and numerous other underground streams are the longest Croatian rivers, and the lakes: Vransko(Cres), Vransko(Biograd) and Prokljansko Lake.
2. Forest-mountain region consists of Gorski kotar and Lika, characterized by high limestone hills with limestone fields and river valleys. It is the least populated part of Croatia. Mountain chains of Velebit, Kapela and Pljesevica divide this region from the coastal and Panonian region. This part of Croatia is characterized by mountain and fresh climate. Some of the larger rivers are Dobra, Gacka, Lika, Kupa and the largest lake group in Croatia – the Plitvice lakes.
3. The largest and the most populated region in Croatia is Panonia. Half of the region is made of fertile land which makes is the most important agricultural part of Croatia. This region is the key part of the country, considering its traffic and economic value, and it also comprises Zagreb-the capital. The climate is mildly continental.
Did you know?
• Ivan Mestrovic, a famous Croatian sculptor, created a magnificent monument to the Native American Indians in Chicago, USA.
• The great monument in front of the United Nations building in New York called “MIR” is the creation of Croatian sculptor Antun Augustincic.