Croatia is divided up into three geographical sections:
- Northern Croatia: mild continental (with hot and dry summers and cold and wet winters)
- Central Croatia: sub mountainous and mountainous climate (cool summers and harsh winters)
- Adriatic coast: Mediterranean climate (with dry and warm summers and wet and mild winters). With an average of 2,600 hours of sunshine a year, the Adriatic coast is one of the sunniest in the Mediterranean. The temperature of the sea is from 25 to 27 degrees Celsius during the summer.
Air temperature in Croatia is affected by geographical factors, such as altitude, allocation and influences of land and sea, and the horizontal exchange of air masses.
Average yearly temperature (°C)
According to the average duration of insulation, two large regions differ:
Littoral Croatia, including all of Dalmatia - has 2700 hours yearly of insulation, mostly on the islands and in Southern Croatia.
Lowlands and Mountains Croatia - generally does not have more than 2000 hours of sunshine yearly.
In all the regions of Croatia, the average temperature of air differs quite a bit. Geographical position and reliefs also considerably affect local differences. The winters in Croatia are not very cold, nor are the summers too hot.
Number of sunny hours per year
Winds are of great importance and have a large effect on the climate. The strongest winds are in the winter months of the year, especially in the coastal and mountainous regions of Croatia, where they significantly modify the climate.
on the Adriatic coast the most known wind is the Bura. Bura blows from the mainland towards the sea; it is cold, dry and is an extremely strong wind that can last for up to a few days. For strength and speed Bura is considerably more noticeable in Rijeka, Senj, Maslenica, Split, Vrulja and Makarska. Its frequency drops from northern Dalmatian towards southern Dalmatia. Bura usually blows in the winter parts of the year, causing at time dangerous traffic conditions. At times during the summer Bura can be strong, and can cause the rapid spread of forest fires.
Jugo mostly blows as a southeasterly wind. Jugo usually occurs when air masses from northern Africa, cross over to the Mediterranean, bringing with it large amounts of moisture. In Croatia, Jugo arrives as warm and wet air. Oftentimes dirty rains will fall.
During the summer, Maestral blows along the seaboard of Croatia. The wind is of a northwesterly current between the azure maximum and the field of low pressure on the east. Maestral blows at a constant and slow pace, which is very comfortable during the summer as it, alleviates the summer heat on the islands and along the coast.
Links to weather reports in Croatia: